LANSING, Mich. (AP) — Highlights of Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder's $50.9 billion budget proposal for the fiscal year that starts in October:
ROADS AND TRANSPORTATION
— Adds $1.2 billion to transportation budget to aid the state's ailing roads and bridges.
—The 19-cents-a-gallon gasoline tax and 15-cents-a-gallon diesel tax would both rise to 33 cents, with the tax fluctuating after a couple years depending on fuel consumption and construction costs.
—Light vehicle registration taxes would be raised by 60 percent while heavy vehicle truck and trailer registration taxes would be raised by 25 percent. That would bring in an additional $508 million in revenue for the state.
—The typical family overall would pay $120 per vehicle more each year in gas taxes and vehicle fees.
—The state would expand Medicaid under the federal Affordable Care Act starting in January 2014. The expansion would provide about 470,000 more Michigan residents with coverage. To qualify, household income must be below 138 percent of the federal poverty level, about $15,000 for an individual. The governor says the plan will initially save the state $200 million a year.
—Sets aside $100 million a year of savings from the expansion so Michigan can pay 10 percent of the cost once the federal government stops covering 100 percent.
—Public schools, universities and community colleges would see 2 percent raise in overall funding. Universities would again be required to hold tuition and fee increases to fewer than 4 percent or lose part of their state aid.
-K-12 districts that now get the minimum amount of aid would receive $34 more per student this fall, with the minimum grant being raised to $7,000. Mid-level and wealthier districts would not get the extra money but could qualify for additional funding if they meet performance benchmarks (up to $100 per pupil) or "best practices" ($16 per student).
—Early childhood education programs would expand with an increase of funding by $130 million over the next two years.
—The enrollment of 4-year-olds in a preschool program for kids at risk of failing would double. Over two years, the number of participants in the Great Start Readiness Program would rise from 32,000 to 66,000.
—Provides $15.2 million to train an additional 107 troopers in the Michigan State Police Training Academy. Also would invest $18 million to train up to 790 corrections officers.
—Adds $2 million to the mental health court system, would allow for the maintenance of the state's nine courts and opening of new courts. Another $3 million investment would expand the state's treatment courts and open "regional driving while intoxicated/sobriety" courts.
—Provides $11.6 million to expand the Healthy Kids Dental program to provide an additional 70,500 low-income children in Ottawa, Ingham and Washtenaw counties with dental benefits.
—Adds $2.5 million for initiatives aimed at reducing the state's infant mortality rate.
—Adds $5 million to the general fund for mental health services. The money would fund three initiatives: home-based mental health services for children, the creation of care management teams for children with behavior disorders and mental health first aid training.
—The Department of Community Health would receive $3 million to provide grants to community organizations that come up with ideas for improving Michigan's health care system.
—Adds $27.5 million for the Michigan Economic Develop Corporation. Twenty million will go toward the creation of a new debt financing program to help banks and lenders invest in "underserved communities."
—Puts $10 million toward creating a new program to train workers for skilled jobs.
—Expands the state's Pathways to Potential program with $6.2 million in funding. The program, which started in Detroit, Pontiac, Flint and Saginaw, places Department of Human Services social workers in some Michigan schools.
—Sets aside $8.6 million to fund the new Michigan Veterans Affairs Agency.
STATE GOVERNMENT SAVINGS
—The "rainy day" or budget stabilization fund would grow to $580 million with the addition of $75 million this fiscal year.
—Sets aside $4 million in fiscal year 2014 and $4 million in fiscal year 2015 to create a Disaster and Emergency Contingency Fund to prepare for natural disasters like forest fires, tornadoes and floods.
—The Department of Environmental Quality would receive $97 million to provide low-interest loans and grants to help municipalities improve water quality.
—The Department of Natural Resources would receive $5.9 million to hire and train 41 new conservation officers.
—Sets aside about $21 million to dredge Michigan's harbors which have become too shallow because of the low water levels this year. The plan would set aside an $11.5 million special appropriation for dredging. Additionally, the state would transfer more than $9 million from the state waterway fund for the purpose.