The number of mumps cases across Franklin County is on the rise by the day.
Columbus health officials now say 87 mumps cases have been reported in the county, 70 of which are linked to Ohio State University.
Delaware county is also reporting at least 6 more cases.
The Franklin County cases have affected people between the ages of 4 and 55.
Four people are currently hospitalized.
Health officials are encouraging individuals with the highest risk of mumps, those who have not received any doses of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and those who have received only 1 dose of MMR, to get vaccinated.
“Mumps can lead to serious complications in people who are not vaccinated, especially adults. If you have not been vaccinated against the mumps, or do not remember if you have received the protective vaccine, get vaccinated as soon as possible," said Dr. Teresa Long, Columbus Public Health Commissioner, in a news release.
The following medical information is from local health officials:
Mumps is spread by droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose or throat of an infected person, usually when the person coughs, sneezes or talks. Items used by an infected person, such as cups or soft drink cans, can also be contaminated with the virus, which may spread to others if those items are shared.
Most mumps transmissions likely occur before the salivary glands begin to swell and within five days after the swelling begins. Therefore, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends isolating mumps patients for five days after their glands begin to swell.
Among males, mumps can lead to orchitis, a testicular inflammation that causes pain, swelling, nausea, vomiting and fever. Among some women with mumps, inflammation of the ovaries or breasts can occur. Up to 15 percent of people with mumps also may suffer headaches and stiff necks.
Anyone who experiences these symptoms should contact their health care professional immediately.
What to Do if You Become Infected with Mumps:
1. Stay at home for five days after symptoms begin.
2. Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.
3. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.